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Papenburg (Lower Saxony)

Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Papenburg is a city in the district of Emsland, a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by, from the north and clockwise, the districts of Leer, Cloppenburg and Osnabruck, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, district of Steinfurt, the district of Bentheim and the Netherlands.  Papenburg is situated at the river Ems, a river in northwestern Germany and northeastern Netherlands running through the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony, having a total length of 371 kilometers. Papenburg is known for its big shipyard, the Meyer-Werft that has specialized in building cruise liners.
In the Chronicle of the Frisians, written in the 16th century, Papenburg, at that time a manor, is mentioned for the first time. In 1458, Hayo von Haren, called von der Papenburch, confesses to being leased Papenburg. The contract that was made is the oldest checkable documentary mention of Papenburg.
On 2nd December 1630, the district administrator Dietrich von Velen purchases the manor for 1500 Reichstaler from Friedrich von Schwarzenberg in order to establish a settlement in the fen-surrounded region. 

On 4th April 1631, Bishop Ferdinand von Münster leases the then castle and manor Papenburg to Dietrich von Velen. This is considered to be the foundation of the city of Papenburg. Matthias von Velen and his wife Margartha Anna, born von Galen, donate the oldest church in Papenburg on 7th December 1680. It is dedicated to Anthony the Great, making him its patron saint.

Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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