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Oranienburg (Brandenburg)

Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, one of Germany's sixteen Bundeslander or federal states. It lies in the east of the country as it is one of the new states created in 1990 upon the reunification of the former West Germany and East Germany. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel. As of 2005 it had a population of 41,199 residents residing within an area of 162.23 square kilometers and had a population density 253 residents per square kilometer.
Oranienburg is located on the banks of the Havel River, just 35 kilometers north of the city centre of Berlin. The town is now part of the growing Berlin metropolitan area. The original name of Oranienburg was Botzow. The town was founded in the 12th century and was first mentioned in 1216. Albert the Bear is believed to have ordered the construction of a castle on the banks of the Havel. Around the castle there was a settlement of traders and craftsmen.
In 1646 Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg married Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau, Oranien-Nassau, in German. She was so attracted by the town of Botzow, that her husband presented the entire region to her.The princess ordered a new castle to be built in Dutch style and called it Oranienburg. In 1653 the town of Botzow was renamed Oranienburg.
The Zehlendorf transmission facility, a large facility for broadcasting in longwave, mediumwave and FM, Frequency Modulation, -range, is located near Oranienburg, at Zehlendorf near Oranienburg.

Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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