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Torgau (Saxony)

Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe, one of the major waterways of Central Europe originating in the North West Czech Republic before traversing much of Germany and finally flowing into the North Sea, in northwestern Saxony, the tenth-largest in area and sixth-largest in population among Germany's sixteen states. The town is most well-known as the place where during the Second World War, United States Army forces coming from the west met with forces of the Soviet Union coming from the east during the invasion of Germany on April 25, 1945.
As of 2005, Torgau had a population of 18,743 inhabitants residing within an area of 42.08 square kilometers and had a population density of 445 residents per square kilometer. The town lies situated at an elevation of 78 meters above sea level.
The settlement goes back to a Slavonic settlement Turguo in the shire of Neletici. There was presumably a wooden Slavonic castle located under the present-day Hartenstein castle. Sights include the historic town centre, restored since the unification, a brewery museum, the monument for the meeting of the Russian and American troops on the Elbe and a Russian military cemetery. The early Renaissance Hartenfels castle dominates the town. The chapel was built in 1544, designed by Nickel Gromann, and combines late gothic with early Renaissance elements. It was consecrated by Martin Luther on October 5, 1544. Brown bears are still kept in the moat.

Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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