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Battenberg (Hesse)

Germany is located in Central Europe and it shares borders with Denmark in the North, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France in the West, Austria and Switzerland in the South and Poland and the Czech Republic in the East. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea represent additional National Borders in the North. The official language of Germany is German and Berlin is the capital.
Battenberg is a small town in Waldeck-Frankenberg district in Hesse, Germany. In 778 there was fighting near Laisa and Battenfeld as part of Charlemagne's Saxon Wars. A branch of the Wittgenstein noble family began calling themselves the Counts of Battenberg in 1214. In 1232, Battenberg had its first documentary mention, and two years later it was granted town rights. In 1297, the town's ownership was transferred to the Archbishops of Mainz. In 1932, Battenberg became part of the Frankenberg Eder district. As part of municipal reform in 1974, the districts of Frankenberg containing Battenberg and Waldeck were united to form the district of Waldeck-Frankenberg.
Geographically the middle center of Battenberg lies in the Ederbergland, or Eder Highland, to which the Burgwald abutting the town to the east also belongs, on the southern edge of the Sauerland and the Rothaargebirge. Lying between 320 and 650 meters above sea level, the town is also crossed by the river Eder. Worth mentioning is the Mountbatten line with its anglicized name Berg means mountain in German, which comes directly from the line of the Counts of Battenberg.

Battenberg's civic coat of arms might heraldically be described as party per pale sable and argent. The colours are taken from the arms borne by the town's old overlords, the Counts of Battenberg, who were a branch of the counts of Wittgenstein. Battenberg's arms have their roots in the 13th century, putting them among Hesse's oldest municipal coats of arms. Various other changes have appeared in the arms over the centuries, however. Sometimes it was a tower, the Count of Battenberg and the Archbishop of Mainz, the Archbishop by himself, or the wheel of Mainz. Due to its many historic events and places Battenberg has been one of the favorite destinations of visitors.

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