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Germany is located in Central Europe and it shares borders with Denmark in the North, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France in the West, Austria and Switzerland in the South and Poland and the Czech Republic in the East. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea represent additional National Borders in the North. The official language of Germany is German and Berlin is the capital.
Rheine is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the river Ems in the district of Steinfurt. With a population of 76,374 as of 30 June 2005, it is the largest city in the district. Although the region around the city has been populated since pre-historical times, Rheine was first mentioned in a document signed by Louis the Pious only in 838. On 15th August 1327, it received its town charter from Louis II, Bishop of Munster. The settlement was founded by reason of two old merchant roads crossing nearby, as well as a ford crossing the river Ems. Frankish soldiers secured this strategic point by a barrack yard at first. Later a church and more buildings were added to this outpost.
During the industrialization, the textile industry in the city prospered. It remained an important economical factor until the second half of the 20th century. Today engineering industries and services form the largest part of economy in Rheine. Rheine's sister cities are the Dutch town of Borne, the City of Leiria, Portugal and since 1996, Trakai, Lithuania.
Rheine prides itself on its important role in social and cultural development in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia as well as on the opportunity provided to its citizens to work, live and grow in a clean and prosperous environment. The city of Rheine has placed itself at the top of a list of municipalities in the Metropolitan Region with the highest quality of life.

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