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Germany is located in Central Europe and it shares borders with Denmark in the North, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France in the West, Austria and Switzerland in the South and Poland and the Czech Republic in the East. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea represent additional National Borders in the North. The official language of Germany is German and Berlin is the capital.
Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. It is situated on the Havel River, south-west of Berlin. The city features a series of interconnected lakes and is well known for its unique cultural landscapes, in particular the parks and castles of Sanssouci, a World Heritage Site. Potsdam-Babelsberg also serves as one of the leading centers of European film production. Its density is 783 per square kilometers with the population 146635 according to 2005 and its area is 187.28 per square kilometers. Potsdam is a university town. The University of Potsdam was founded in 1991 as a university of the State of Brandenburg.
The Old Market Square is Potsdam's city center. For three centuries this was the place of the City Palace, a royal palace built in 1662. Under Frederick the Great, the palace became the winter residence of the Prussian kings. The palace was severely damaged by bombing in 1945 and further demolished in 1961 by the Communist authorities. In 2002 the Gate of Fortune was rebuilt in its original historic position, which marks the first step in the reconstruction of the palace.
Another landmark of Potsdam is the two-street Hollandisches Viertel, an ensemble of buildings is unique in Europe, with about 150 houses built of red bricks in Dutch style. It was built in 1734 to 1742 under the direction of Jan Bouman to be used by Dutch craftsmen who had been invited to settle here by King Frederick Wilhelm I. Today this area is one of Potsdam's most visited neighborhoods.

A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages, Potsdam is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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