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Germany is located in Central Europe and it shares borders with Denmark in the North, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France in the West, Austria and Switzerland in the South and Poland and the Czech Republic in the East. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea represent additional National Borders in the North. The official language of Germany is German and Berlin is the capital.
Landau is an autonomous city surrounded by the Sudliche district of southern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. It is a university town, a long-standing cultural centre and a market and shopping town, surrounded by vineyards and wine-growing villages. Landau lies east of the Pfalzer Wald, Europe's largest contiguous forest. The area of the city is 82.94 square kilometers with a population density of 504 per square kilometer. The city is elevated at about 142 meters above the sea level.
The city was granted a charter in 1274 by Rudolf I von Habsburg, King of Germany, who declared the city an Imperial Free City in 1291 and nevertheless the bishop of Speyer, a major landowner in the district, seized the city in 1324. The city did not regain its ancient rights until 1511, through the offices of Maximilian I. An Augustinian monastery was founded in 1276. Landau was later occupied by the French from 1680 to 1815, when it was one of the Decapole, the ten free cities of Alsace, and received its modern fortifications by Louis XIV's military architect Vauban, 1688 to 1699, making the little city one of Europe's strongest citadels. After Napoleon's hundred days following his escape from Elba, Landau, was granted to Bavaria in 1816 and became the capital of one of the thirteen counties of the Bavarian Rheinpfalz. Following World War II, Landau was an important barracks city for the French occupation.
Landau is a city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages. Landau is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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