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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Herford is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, which in terms of population and economic output, the largest Federal State of Germany. It is located in the lowlands between the mountain chains of the Wiehengebirge and the Teutoburg Forest. It is the capital of the district of Herford and belongs to the metropolitan area around Bielefeld. As of 2005 it had a total population of 65,050 living within a total area of 78.98 square kilometers and had a population density 824 residents per square kilometer.
The town was founded in 789 in order to guard a ford crossing the narrow Werre River. In late medieval times Herford was a member of the Hanseatic League. It was a Free Imperial City, after the Peace of Westphalia, Herford was annexed by Brandenburg.
Herford is situated in the mountain chains south of the Wiehengebirge or Ravensberger Hugelland. The highest place is the Dornmountain in the Schwarzenmoor district; the lowest point is located in the Werretal in the Falkendiek district. The River Aa joins the river Werre in the center of the city. The Stuckenberg is located east of the city.
Herford’s main attractions are the MARTa Herford, museum for contemporary art and design, the Daniel-Poppelmann, the Memorial and Meeting Place Cell Block, the Munster cathedral, the Stadttheater and StadtPark or Schutzenhof. Many events, like fairs, concerts and festivals take place throughout the year.

Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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