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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Hemer is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north end of the Sauerland near the Ruhr River. As of 2002, it had a population of 38,206 living in an area of 67.55 square kilometers or 26.08 square miles. It has an altitude of 546 meters above sea level in the Balver Wald in the south of the city. The town belongs to the Markischer Kreis or district.
Burial mounds show that around 1250 BC, Before Christ, Bronze Age shepherds and farmers lived in the area. Graves from the time of the Merovingian Franks around the year 650 were found near the present city centre. Hemer was quite densely settled, thanks to its location on the old road from the Rhineland to Middle Germany, now Bundesstrasse 7, and to the iron mining and smelting industries alread developed here. The three industrial municipalities of Hemer, Sundwig and Westig had already grown into a single urban area by World War I and it was formally proposed in 1920.
Hemer’s main attractions are The Heinrichshohle, a Devonian limestone cave with 470 meters of cave system that are accessible to visitors, with some stalactites and the skeleton of a cave bear on display. The Felsenmeer nearby is a small Karst area, partially created by medieval mining, and now located in a beech forest. Shared with Menden and Balve is the Honnetal, a narrow valley with some beautiful cliffs carved into the same limestone bedrock by the river Honne.
Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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