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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Hanover, the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony or Niedersachsen, Germany, is situated on the river Leine. It is part of the Hanover district or Region Hannover, which is a municipal body made up from the former district and city of Hanover. The town was founded in medieval times on the bank of the river Leine, the original name Honovere may be translated as high bank, though it is debated. It was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen, which became a comparatively large town in the 13th century. In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three town gates to secure the city.
Hanover is an important hub in the Autobahn network. The city's central station, Hannover Hauptbahnhof, is a hub of vital importance in the German high-speed ICE, InterCity Express network. It is the starting point of the Hanover-Wurzburg high-speed rail line and the central hub for the Hanover S-Bahn. Hanover and its area are served by Hanover or Langenhagen International Airport, HAJ. Hannover 96 is the most popular sports team in Hanover; they play in the AWD Arena or Niedersachsenstadion.
Hanover’s main attractions are the Kropcke, Market Square, Ballhof Square, Old Town, Hanover Kreuzkirche, Marktkirche, Aegidienkirche, Leineschloss, Altes Rathaus, Herrenhauser Garten, Mausoleum, Opernhaus, Welfenschloss, Christuskirche, Neues Rathaus, Maschsee, Eilenriede, Skulpturenmeile, Gehry Tower, Hermesturm, VW Tower, Telemax, Hildesheim, Pelizaus Museum and Hamelin.
Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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