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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Hanau is a town in Hessen, Germany. It is located 25 kilometers east of Frankfurt. It was first mentioned in 1143 and became a city in 1303. At the end of the 16th century, Count Philipp Ludwig II allowed Protestant refugees from the Netherlands to found their own settlement near Hanau, to which these Walloons brought their knowledge of jewellery production. For this reason goldsmiths are still educated there. In the 19th century the Neustadt or New Town, as it was called, was merged with Hanau.
In the 19th century Hanau was a centre of the German democratic movement and contributed significantly both in 1830 and in the Revolution of 1848. Also in 1848 the German Gymnastic League or Turnerbund was founded here. Nowadays many inhabitants work in the technological industry, VAC, Vaccumschmelze, Heraeus or commute to Frankfurt. Frankfurt International Airport is only 30 kilometers away.
Hanau, with about 89,000 inhabitants, is the 6th largest town in Hessen. It has a population density is 1166 inhabitants per square kilometer. More than 20 percent of the inhabitants are foreign nationals. Its main attractions are The German House of Goldsmiths or Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus, the Philippsruhe Castle, the Health Establishment at Hanau-Wilhelmsbad, the St Mary's Church or Marienkirche and the Dutch-Walloon Church or Niederlandisch-Wallonische Kirche. Its various districts include Innenstadt, Lamboy, Kesselstadt, Grossauheim, Klein-Auheim, Mittelbuchen, Steinheim, Wolfgang, Hohe Tanne and Wilhelmsbad.
Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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