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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland or Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt. As of 2004, it had a population of 77,557 people and was first mentioned in 1213. It became an important centre in 1570, when the principality of Anhalt was founded. Dessau became the capital of this state within the Holy Roman Empire. Anhalt was dissolved in 1603, but Dessau remained a prospering town, and became the capital of the mini state of Anhalt-Dessau. When Anhalt was reunified in 1863, Dessau became the capital again and remained until 1918.
Dessau is famous for its college of architecture Bauhaus. It moved here in 1925 after it had been forced to close in Weimar. Many famous artists were lecturers in Dessau in the following years, among them were Walter Gropius, Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky. There are several examples of Bauhaus architecture in Dessau, some of them included in the UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Heritage. The Bauhaus College itself was constructed after drafts by Walter Gropius. Another World Heritage Site is the Dessau-Worlitzer Gartenreich or Dessau-Worlitz Garden Realm, a huge garden complex commissioned by Prince Leopold III of Anhalt-Dessau about 1750.
Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel. Dessau is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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