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Germany is located in Central Europe and it shares borders with Denmark in the North, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France in the West, Austria and Switzerland in the South and Poland and the Czech Republic in the East. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea represent additional National Borders in the North. The official language of Germany is German and Berlin is the capital. The climate is quite pleasant with almost all variety of seasonal flavors as temperate, marine, cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers, occasional warm, tropical foehn wind and high relative humidity.
Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Ruhr area between the cities of Essen and Dortmund. Bochum was founded in the 14th century but was insignificant until the 19th century. Later coal mining and steel industry emerged in the Ruhr area, leading to the growth of the complete region. The population of Bochum increased many times between 1850 and 1890. Between 1960 and 2001, all the mines were closed. Other industries, such as car making, compensated for the loss of jobs. In 1965 the Ruhr University was opened, the first university in the Ruhr area and the first new foundation after World War II. In the course of a comprehensive community reform in 1975, Wattenscheid, a formerly independent city, was included in the urban area of Bochum.
Bochum is connected to the Autobahn network by the A 40 and A 43 autobahns. It has a central station situated on the line from Duisburg to Dortmund, connecting the city to the long-distance network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to the S-Bahn network of Rhine-Ruhr. There is a single underground Stadtbahn line connecting the University of Bochum to Herne, and several tram lines connecting to Gelsenkirchen and Witten. Public transport in the city is carried out according to the fare system of the VRR, Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr transport association.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, luxurious hotels and cottages, Bochum is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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