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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. Germany is one of the largest European economies and the third largest economy in the world in real terms.
Arnsberg is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the north-east of the Sauerland in the Ruhr river valley. As of 2005, it had a population of 76,330 living within an area of 193.44 square kilometers. It belongs to the district Hochsauerland, in the administrative region of Arnsberg.
The current city of Arnsberg was created in 1975 by merging 14 cities and municipalities into one city. Old Arnsberg itself and Neheim-Hüsten are the two urban parts, while the other parts are very rural. Neheim and Hüsten had been merged in 1941.
In the 11th century, Arnsberg was the seat of the dukes of Arnsberg. They built a castle there whose remains can still be visited and are occasionally used for public celebrations.  In the 12th century old Arnsberg became the seat of Westphalian jurisdiction. Later, the city lost its independence and belonged to the Cologne area. Finally in 1816, it went to Prussia and became seat of the local administration. In the late 20th century, the town was twinned with the London Borough of Bexley in England.
Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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