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Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe with Berlin as its capital city. The German language was once the lingua franca of central, eastern and northern Europe. It is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, Group of 8, and the G4, Group of 4, nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state. 
Altenburg is a town in the German federal state or Bundesland of Thuringia, which lies in Central Germany, 45 kilometers south of Leipzig. It is the capital of the Altenburger Land district. The town was first mentioned in a deed to the bishop of Zeitz in 976. Remains of a Slavic castle on the Schlosberg demonstrate that the town was probably a Slavic foundation, the capital of the shire of Plisni, the surrounding area or Osterland was mainly settled by Slavs.  The town's location on the imperial road between Halle and Cheb in Bohemia gave Altenburg economic importance in the salt trade.
Altenburg is called the playing cards town. The game of Skat is said to have originated here, based on the Bavarian tarock.  The supercar Gumpert Apollo is produced in Altenburg. In the vicinity, The Airport of Altenburg Nobitz, a former Russian airstrip, is used for cheap commercial flights to London Stansted and Girona. Leipzig or Halle is an internatinal airport 60 kilometers northwest of Altenburg.
Altenburg's town hall is one of the most important Renaissance buildings in Germany. It was built between 1562 and 1564 by the architect Nikolaus Grohmann. The 18th century Schenkendorffsches Palais and Alte Amtshaus are remarkable Baroque structures. There is also a castle, the Western main wing contains an exhibition on the history of playing cards and card games and a historical museum. The Lindenau Museum, built in 1875 houses Italian paintings of the 13th to 15th centuries, a collection of classical antiquities and cast and modern art.
Tourism in Germany has expanded since the end of World War II, and many tourists visit Germany to experience a sense of European history. The countryside exhibits a pastoral aura, while its cities exhibit both a modern and classical feel.

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